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The Unifying Aspects of Cultures

SECTION:

The Culture of Peace in Islam and in Christianity

Chair of the section/Suggestions, Abstracts, Papers to:
Email: Gazi Caglar (Hannover)

ABSTRACT: The prevailing perception and interpretation of cultural encounters and conflicts following the dissolution of the bipolar world order are oriented principally on the thesis of the "War of Civilizations" (Tibi 1995) or the "Clash of Civilisations" (Huntington 1996), respectively. The paradigm of the "War of Cultures", which was intended as a simplification of the complexity of this issue, has been sufficiently repudiated by the critical scholarship (Caglar 2001).

The general perception as well as the main body of scholarly reception usually describes the encounter between Islam and Christianity in terms of concepts, which can be derived from the paradigms "holy war", "Jihad" and "crusade". Thus the public's capability for judgment is controlled by the war logic and reasoning found in the holy texts of both religions and in the radical political movements based on these religions.

At the same time there is also a developed culture for peace within what one commonly designates as Islam and Christianity. This section will focus on the reconstruction of these peace cultures in both historical and contemporary terms.

Literatur:

Literature:
Gazi Caglar, Der Mythos vom Krieg der Zivilisationen. Eine Replik auf S. Huntingtons "Kampf der Kulturen", Münster 2001.
Bassam Tibi, Krieg der Zivilisationen, Frankfurt am Main 1995.
Samuel Huntington, Kampf der Kulturen, Frankfurt am Main 1996.

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THE UNIFYING ASPECTS OF CULTURES