Culture and Socium and Culture. Problems of Globalisation
Botsman Yana (Kharkov National University)
The Russian Fundamentalist Project in Contemporary Russian Mass Literature
The Russian mass literature of a period after the Communism Empire collapse (1990-1995) did not turn to the problem of globalisation anyway and the term "globalisation" was not yet really in use. Though it actively grasped and expressed the basic tendencies in cultural and political development of Russia, that just started to form the set of "mass culture constants". The idea of the process that we now call "globalisation" in general received the appreciation in new-born dime novels - both in cryptic and in evident forms. The "New Russian Cultural Project" that just began to exist, was viewed as such, that inevitably should include as much non-Russian, de-nationalised, de-sacralised and, so to say, "universal" elements and values as it only could.
Since 1995 situation is radically changed. In fact the new fundamentalist discourses can be considered as a cultural attempt of opposing the discourses of globalisation (or de-nationalisation) that were popular in the previous period. One more typical feature of this discourse is assumption, that globalisation = americanisation. This assumption makes the understanding of globalisation much easier for ordinary reader.
The fundamentalist project in Russian mass literature is reflected in appearance of the new sub-genres, that gain a great popularity during last few years. Among them "cryptohistorical" novels, "Slavonic fantasy", "Russian standard detective", Russian cyberpunk and "woman's ironical detective". Analysing the discourse and narrative tendencies of these novels, we can find the answers on the question about the configuration of contemporary Russian mentality and forecast the new currents in it.